Today is the first day of yet another hunger strike for inmates in Californiaâ€™s Pelican Bay supermax correctional facility.
The inmates have stipulated that the hunger strike will continue indefinitely, until five modest demands are met.
Jonathan Simon writes:
Supermax-style prisons are an American abomination that are rejected by most other societies and considered a human rights violation in many. Total isolation of prisoners without meaningful activities, visitors, or meaningful human contact has historically been reserved for disciplinary punishments limited to weeks or months. In Californiaâ€™s SHU scores of prisoners have served more than twenty years of such conditions, and hundreds for more than ten.
To get a sense of the prospects for success of this hunger strike, itâ€™s worth bearing in mind the recent political and legal context. In 2011, the Supreme Court determined that the CDCR was in violation of its inmatesâ€™ constitutional rights in its persistent denial of their basic mental health and medical care (read the courtâ€™s opinion in Brown v. Plata here). That case resulted in an injunction to reduce massive overcrowding throughout the system, and upheld the decision to place the healthcare system into Receivership. Brown v. Plata wasnâ€™t directly intended to alleviate to the situation faced specifically by inmates in the SHU. But Jerry Brownâ€™s response to the court injunction is directly relevant to this hunger strike.
The Governorâ€™s office has repeatedly requested that the court vacate its Receivership. Each time, it cites its claim that the CDCR has resolved the problems that precipitated the mid-â€˜90s cases that culminated in Brown v. Plata. On each occasion, these requests have been rebuked; the most recent time (in mid-April), the courtâ€™s rejection of the Governorâ€™s request was especially humiliating. It reminded the Governor of the Supreme Court’s admonition:
A prison that deprives prisoners of basic sustenance, including adequate medical care, is incompatible with the concept of human dignity and has no place in civilized society. [Emphasis added]
Things arenâ€™t improving, the Governorâ€™s office thinks they are, and inmates at Pelican Bay are willing to starve themselves to death to prove their point.
If you would like to contact Governor Brown, hereâ€™s the link.