Sand in the eyes of the umpire

Fitzgerald did a pretty good job of explaining the nature of an obstruction charge, and why he might wind up indicting someone for obstructing an investigation that never resulted in an substantive charge. I can’t quote it precisely, but to paraphrase:

If a pitcher hits a batter in the head, the umpire needs to know whether it was deliberate or not. If someone throws sand in the umpire’s face to keep him from seeing the play, he might never know whether the beaning was deliberate. Throwing sand in the umpire’s eyes would still be a very bad thing to do.

Author: Mark Kleiman

Professor of Public Policy at the NYU Marron Institute for Urban Management and editor of the Journal of Drug Policy Analysis. Teaches about the methods of policy analysis about drug abuse control and crime control policy, working out the implications of two principles: that swift and certain sanctions don't have to be severe to be effective, and that well-designed threats usually don't have to be carried out. Books: Drugs and Drug Policy: What Everyone Needs to Know (with Jonathan Caulkins and Angela Hawken) When Brute Force Fails: How to Have Less Crime and Less Punishment (Princeton, 2009; named one of the "books of the year" by The Economist Against Excess: Drug Policy for Results (Basic, 1993) Marijuana: Costs of Abuse, Costs of Control (Greenwood, 1989) UCLA Homepage Curriculum Vitae Contact: Markarkleiman-at-gmail.com