Principles of Policy Analysis: Final Exam

In case you were wondering what it is that a policy analyst is supposed to know or know how to do, here’s the final exam from my introductory course at NYU. I’m pleased to say that most of a mixed class of graduate students (from several disciplines) and undergraduates aced it.

Identify briefly (5 points each):

1. Latent group
2. Agile trial
3. Hawthorne effect
4. Agency losses
6. Rational apathy
7. Collective efficacy
8. Strategic triangle

Answer in a sentence or two, or at most a short paragraph (10 points each)

1. How does the Prisoner’s Dilemma engage the idea of dominance? List five things that could get both parties to choose the cooperative option.

2. How does information asymmetry create the adverse selection problem in insurance markets?

3. What is the difference between a universal program and a means-tested program? How does a means test resemble an income tax?

4. How can income inequality create inefficiency? How can policy to make incomes more equal create inefficiency?

5. How does the use of a Randomized Controlled Trial prevent the distortion of results by sample selection bias?

6. Trace the line of reasoning that connects the capacity to budget rationally (i.e., prioritize among needs) to the case for public policies to make the distribution of income more equal.

7. In a world of uncertainty, everyone takes actions that, in retrospect, lead to regret. How is anticipated regret different?

8. What are the two meanings of “social capital”? How can the structure of individual social capital help create and support collective social capital?

9. H = h x u

Explain the meaning of this equation, and it to analyze the choice between encouraging and discouraging non-combustion forms of nicotine use.

10. How do deficits in collective efficacy both create needs for public intervention and make successful public intervention less likely?

Quasi-numerical problem

As town manager of a town with 10,000 residents, you have a choice between two programs; you must do one or the other, and cannot do both. Neither has any budget cost.

Program A has a 50% chance of preventing the sudden deaths 10 random residents. (The other 50% of the time it has no effect.) The avoided deaths would occur an average of five years from now.

Program B has benefits worth $10M per year for seven years, starting a year from now.
Describe the calculation you would need to do to choose between the programs, including specifying any data not specified you would need in order to work out the answer.

EXTRA CREDIT: Someone offers a test to predict whether Program A will deliver benefits or not. Describe the calculation you would need to do in order to decide whether to have the test done or not.

Know Tips for Choosing Sbobet Trusted Agent in Football Betting

Know Tips for Choosing Sbobet Trusted Agent in Football Betting! Sbobet is a company that provides a place to play football online gambling and online casinos in Asia, which was established in the Philippines. If you have or frequently played online gambling, of course, is no stranger to Sbobet agent listening at the moment.

Nowadays, there are many online sbobet agent in Indonesia that offer their sites for betting on football gambling or casino gambling. The number of fans of online gambling games are increasing day by day has made a number of sites online gambling agents and bookies online that spread on the internet that you can recognize.

However, from a large number of agents sbobet football gambling online you can easily find on the internet, it does not guarantee that all online gambling agent you find trustworthy. Because there may be a fraudulent website disguised gambling agent between trustworthy sites online gambling agent on behalf of a trusted online gambling sites such as general, therefore you have to be really careful in selecting an agent online football gambling. So what do you need to pay attention to in order to join an online sbobet agent trustworthy?

Here’s how to choose a football agent trusted online gambling, including

Attractive Website Display

A football betting trustworthy agent or dealer site will design the look of the website as well and as attractive as possible for gambling sbobet agen bola to provide the best in everything for every member, including the attractive appearance of the site.

sbobet agent’s company has licensed company that is recognized, namely the First Cagayan Leisure and Resort Corporation, Manila-Philippines. While in Europe, they were allowed by the Government of the Isle of Man is a state in the state report in English so they can operate as a sports betting worldwide.

Provide a full menu of features and information

Apart from good looks, the trusted agent football gambling will also feature the full features and information. This is to facilitate members to get information about what they are looking for.

Complete live chat and telephone contact services available

The Sbobet football agent website will also provide telephone contact that members can contact. In addition, the football gambling agent will usually also provide customer service that is always fully online 24 hours a day, you can call via live chat.

Giving bonuses definitely not just a promise

Given the number of stiff competition among online bookies fellow, there are so many online gambling agency that offers a variety of bonuses that can be earned by any member who joins. However, you must remember to choose football gambling bonus site that agent a reasonable offer, not just promises.

They are several ways to choose a trusted agent sbobet football gambling sites online that you can learn before deciding to join the online bookie ball. Hopefully useful and good luck while playing it.

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