Afghan heroin in L.A. and the heroin price collapse

A dime a pure milligram? That means your first heroin experience is now available for less than the price of a candy bar.

Today’s scare story about Afghan heroin in the LA Times &#8212 planted by some staffer for Diane Feinstein, the Queen of the Camera Hogs &#8212 is much ado about what’s really only a little bit of news. In LA County, heroin overdoses are up because purer Afghan stuff is coming in; elsewhere in the country, heroin overdoses are up because the stuff is being spiked with fentanyl. The problem of higher purity is mostly transitional; in steady-state, the risk of an overdose is higher with lower purity, because the chance of a big upside surprise is greater. Someone expecting 10% purity who gets 20% instead might die; someone expecting 80% purity is unlikely to suffer any ill effect if he gets 99% instead. Fentanyl is about five times the potency of heroin, creating enormous overdose risks; given a choice, I’d rather have pure heroin on the street than heroin/fentanyl mixtures.

The reporter places no emphasis on the most astonishing (if true) fact in the story: grams of highly pure Afghan heroin are now trading at $90 in LA. That’s about a dime per pure milligram, compared with $2.50 a pure milligram in New York during the “French Connection” days. For a naive user, 5mg of heroin is a hefty dose, so your first heroin experience is now available for less than the price of a candy bar.

Ain’t competition grand? No doubt Los Angeles heroin treatment centers are bracing for flood of new clients.

The price of having a heroin habit, by contrast, doesn’t go down much. Opiate tolerance is virtually complete, so in the medium term an addict’s consumption is limited only by his ability to find cash; the cheaper the stuff gets, the more he uses, without getting any more pleasure out of it once his receptors have adapted.

The good news is that the collapse from $2.50 to 50 cents seems to have had only a fairly modest impact on the number of new heroin users; that, like the price collapse itself, is not what I would have predicted based on simple microeconomics. Maybe this further decrease also won’t matter much. But I’m still nervous: not so much about inner-city kids, who have lots of vicarious bad experience with heroin addiction, but about suburbanites. Fortunately, opiate addiction is much more treatable (using substitution therapies such as methadone and buprenorphine) than cocaine or methamphetamine addiction.

Footnote Heroin, even more than cocaine, illustrates the near-futility of trying to use drug law enforcement to control drug abuse once a drug has found a mass market. Prices have been dropping (about 80% in inflation-adjusted terms for cocaine, much more than that for heroin) even as the number of dealers going to prison has soared.

Author: Mark Kleiman

Professor of Public Policy at the NYU Marron Institute for Urban Management and editor of the Journal of Drug Policy Analysis. Teaches about the methods of policy analysis about drug abuse control and crime control policy, working out the implications of two principles: that swift and certain sanctions don't have to be severe to be effective, and that well-designed threats usually don't have to be carried out. Books: Drugs and Drug Policy: What Everyone Needs to Know (with Jonathan Caulkins and Angela Hawken) When Brute Force Fails: How to Have Less Crime and Less Punishment (Princeton, 2009; named one of the "books of the year" by The Economist Against Excess: Drug Policy for Results (Basic, 1993) Marijuana: Costs of Abuse, Costs of Control (Greenwood, 1989) UCLA Homepage Curriculum Vitae Contact:

One thought on “Afghan heroin in L.A. and the heroin price collapse”

  1. Heroin overdoses are in large part due to the interactive compatibility between alcohol and opiates. Virtually all the so-called herion overdoses have been due to the fact that many junkies medicate their withdrawals via alcohol and then when they're intoxicated on alcohol and make a heroin score, overdose because of the potentiation of alcohol and heroin. The actual ED/LD (effective/lethal) ratio for heroin is quite large. The ED/LD ratio for alcohol, by comparison, is small. Purity of heroin, consequently, may be factor secondary to known effects of potentiation which have been long known and little publicized.
    source: "Licit and Illicit Drug", Consumer Union Reports, ca. 1975.

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