A lot of things had to go wrong.
“There is a great deal of ruin in a nation” (Adam Smith). The (pro tem) United Kingdom is bent on finding out how much, with Boris Johnson sweeping to a large election victory on a mendacious promise to “get Brexit done”.
In fact, all that’s certain is that the withdrawal agreement (text here) he negotiated will be signed and on January 31 the UK cease to be a EU member, and I an EU citizen .
But under this agreement (Articles 126 – 132) there will be a transition period in which all EU laws and rules still apply. For all practical purposes except decision-making the UK is still in, for a while. The period is set to end on 31 December 2020 (§126), but may be extended for up to two years by common agreement (§132) – but only before 1 July 2020. Johnson has promised not to ask for such an extension – but since neither the EU Commission nor independent experts believe a trade agreement can be finalised in 11 months, there are plenty of Perils-of-Pauline cliffhanger deadlines coming up. The risk of a No Deal crashout is still very much present.
Who’s to blame?
There is a lot of it to share, in a corollary to Smith’s aphorism.
Here is Inspector Wimberley’s short list of suspects, in rough
1. Press barons:
Murdoch, Dacre, etc. For decades, they have fed the British public a
consistently biased diet of news on Europe, painting the Brussels
institutions as a hostile foreign Them not the framework for a
competitive common project like the World Cup. They have kept this up
to the present day.
2. The BBC, failing out of cowardice and bothsideserism to act as a corrective to the biased press.
3. Farage and UKIP,
who supercharged euroscepticism with nativist propaganda against
refugees and immigrants.
4. David Cameron,
who called a second referendum on EU membership in a bid to silence
the UKIP threat to Tory heartland seats; worded it sloppily, as a
vague unicorn aspiration not a concrete policy choice; and made no
effort to extend the franchise to a million Britons abroad, excluding
me and two of my children.
5. Putin’s FSB and
its useful idiots who manipulated the referendum by exploiting social
media for propaganda.
6. The British
electorate, by falling for the con, three times.
7. Theresa May, for
invoking Article 50 and triggering a withdrawal countdown without a
8. The DUP (hardline Ulster Protestant Unionists) for supporting May’s Article 50 invocation. You can’t blame them for not foreseeing the exact course the complex Irish border issue would take, but you can blame them for not realising that withdrawal inevitably sets up a clash with the Good Friday Agreement and creates grave risks to the Union – the main reason they are in Westminster.
9. Sinn Fein, for
not taking up the seats in Westminster they regularly win, because
they won’t take the oath of loyalty required of all new MPs; so the
DUP’s folly went unchallenged.
10. Remainer backbenchers in the Commons, both Tories and Labour, and their ultimately ineffective leaders (Grieve, Soubry, Kyle, Umunna, etc). They had a clear majority, and managed to score one tactical victory in the Benn anti-No-Deal bill, but never got their act well enough together to secure a second referendum. Both Tory and Labour rebels were wiped out in Thursday’s election. Consolation prizes for principle and effort, but in politics, as Yoda said, “there is no try”.
11. Jeremy Corbyn, whose personal hostility to the EU prevented Labour from ever taking the clear Remain stance that large majorities of its members, MPs and voters wanted, and for pursuing the impossible dream of an electoral mandate for a hard left agenda at the expense of an entirely winnable second referendum. Also for being a sanctimonious North London 1970s lefty pacifist vegetarian stereotype and sucker for anti-semitic conspiracy theories.
12. Jo Swinson, leader of the LibDems, for not making an electoral pact with Labour at the start of the campaign out of a reasonable distrust of Corbyn and an unreasonable hope in an election triumph. She lost her Scottish seat to the SNP, and her party half its previous seats (though it increased its vote).
13. Boris Johnson,
liar, womaniser, fat cat, and completely unprincipled demagogue. And
his mad Svengali Dominic Cummings.
It strikes me that
most of these are but-for causes. Leave out 2 (BBC), 9 (Sinn Fein)
and 12 (LibDems), which are unlikely to have made a critical
difference. The election wasn’t a close result. The Remainer
backbenchers (10) at least tried and morally can’t be blamed. That
leaves eight causes, for each of which you can make a strong but-for
claim. If any one had gone very differently the UK would not be in
philosophically disturbing conclusion. Summing over the many possible
timelines since 2000, most end up with the UK still a member of the
EU. The train wreck was just bad luck.
There is another
(Stand by for