Weekend Film Recommendation: The Scarlet Claw

The Scarlet Claw is the best of the Universal Studios Sherlock Holmes film series of the 1940s

Annex - Rathbone, Basil (Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, The)_01Of the many film series of the 1930s and 1940s, Sherlock Holmes stood out both for its watchability and its unusual provenance. It was launched at 20th Century Fox in 1939 as a high-end period production. But after two very strong films, The Hound of the Baskervilles and The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Fox unaccountably dropped the series. Enter Universal Studios, who retained the lead actors and moved the series to modern times (Partly for WWII morale building and partly as a cost-cutting measure). Fox made a dozen modestly budgeted Holmes films in rapid succession over the next four years. Financial constraints and breakneck speed of production were no barrier to quality in this case. None of the films are bad and several are outstanding, including this week’s film recommendation: 1944’s The Scarlet Claw.

The plot: Holmes and Watson are in Canada, participating in a conference about the occult in which Holmes’ open scepticism about the supernatural irritates the organizer, Lord Penrose (Paul Cavanagh, a handsome, solid B-movie actor who appeared in several films in the series and also in one of my previous recommendations, The Kennel Murder Case). Penrose gets a message that his wife has been murdered, and the meeting is abruptly adjourned. Holmes presently receives a telegram sent by Penrose’s wife just before her death, saying that she feels she is in grave danger and wants Holmes to help her. Despite Lord Penrose’s hostility to him, Holmes sets off for the fog shrouded town of La Mort Rouge, where the locals believe a monster is ripping the throats out of livestock and also people. The monster is targeting particular individuals for some mysterious reason…can Holmes discover the motive behind the grisly crimes and save the next intended victim?

The heart of the Universal series are the triumvirate of Producer-Director (and in the case of The Scarlet Claw, co-screenwriter) Roy William Neill and stars Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce. With his mien, delivery and intelligence, Rathbone was born to play the king of detectives and he defined the role for a generation through appearances on radio, television, film and stage. Neill and Bruce decided to make Watson much more comic than he was Doyle’s stories, which irritated some Baker Street Irregulars. If you can let that go and just take the performance for what it is, you will appreciate that Bruce is indeed agreeably funny in the role and also contributes some moments of emotional warmth which balance out his calculating machine of a friend.

The Scarlet Claw is a high point of the series in part because it feels like an old-fashioned Victorian Holmes story even though it is set in the present day. Unlike in prior entries, Holmes is not battling Nazis but a killer who is (as in many of the films) a pastiche from the original stories. The moody, dark surroundings in rural Canada could easily pass for the Baskerville estate in Dartmoor. Also on display are some first rate make-up and special effects work, which is essential to the story for reasons I will not reveal. The film is also the career highlight of little-known British character actor Gerald Hamer, who makes the most of the opportunity to demonstrate his versatility as a performer. The script is strong and Neill by this point in the series had mastered every aspect of how to create fine Holmesian cinema. The result is a skillfully made, suspenseful mystery.

More generally, as a body of work, the Universal Sherlock Holmes films depart too significantly from the original stories for some people’s tastes, but in performances and atmosphere they stand shoulder to shoulder with the tremendous Soviet Livanov-Solomin and British Granada television versions as high-quality, sustained efforts to adapt Conan Doyle’s beloved stories to the screen. Also, the prints of these films have been beautifully restored by the angels at the UCLA film preservation archive. Scarlet Claw is my favorite, but you could pick up almost any of the Universal series and have a fine evening watching the world’s greatest detective work his magic.

Author: Keith Humphreys

Keith Humphreys is the Esther Ting Memorial Professor of Psychiatry at Stanford University and an Honorary Professor of Psychiatry at Kings College Lonon. His research, teaching and writing have focused on addictive disorders, self-help organizations (e.g., breast cancer support groups, Alcoholics Anonymous), evaluation research methods, and public policy related to health care, mental illness, veterans, drugs, crime and correctional systems. Professor Humphreys' over 300 scholarly articles, monographs and books have been cited over ten thousand times by scientific colleagues. He is a regular contributor to Washington Post and has also written for the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Monthly, San Francisco Chronicle, The Guardian (UK), The Telegraph (UK), Times Higher Education (UK), Crossbow (UK) and other media outlets.

3 thoughts on “Weekend Film Recommendation: The Scarlet Claw”

  1. Thanks, haven’t seen this one yet (probably because I — unwisely, it seems — have avoided the war-time Holmes). Looking forward to finding a copy!

    Thanks, also, for the Soviet tip — never even heard of this series.

    BTW, Gerald Hamer was the father of the director Robert Hamer. No Gerald, no Kind Hearts. Three cheers for Gerald!

    1. “I shot an arrow into the air, she fell to Earth in Berkeley Square”. LOVE that movie, and had no idea of the Hamer connection — thanks.

  2. My problem with Nigel Bruce as Watson isn’t that they made him more comic than he was in Conan Doyle’s stories, it’s that they made him a twit. Why would Holmes be satisfied hanging out with a twit?

    On a very tangentially related subject, we talked about Richard Burton and The Spy Who Came in from the Cold a couple of months ago. Readers may be interested in an article by John Le Carré in the current New Yorker, called “The Spy Who Liked Me”, about the making of the film from his novel and particularly working with Richard Burton and Martin Ritt, the director. You can see it at http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2013/04/15/130415fa_fact_lecarre, although all but the first three paragraphs are behind a paywall (which really should prompt anyone to subscribe to the magazine, which will give you unfettered access not merely to the current issue, but to every page of every issue back to the magazine’s founding in 1925).

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